The Territory

In the heart of Calabria, where the sea breeze of the Gulf of Squillace meets that of the Gulf of Sant'Eufemia, the optimal climatic condition that the olive tree needs is born. We find ourselves in the so-called "Isthmus of Catanzaro", the narrowest point in Calabria where the opposite gulfs push into the territory with the desire to meet. Right in the middle of the large Gulf of Squillace, the Magna-Greek and Roman colonies sprang up and flourished since the 6th century BC. to which we owe the presence of the olive tree in Calabria imported from Asia Minor. The enormous development and diffusion of this ancient crop is due to the temperate-warm type of climate, typical of the Mediterranean area characterized by mild winters, hot and dry summers. Constant windiness and low atmospheric humidity contribute to make the air particularly healthy.

The high solar radiation, accentuated by the prevailing midday exposure, also allows an intense photosynthetic activity and therefore the perfect ripening of the drupes. Olive trees are today an unmistakable part of our agricultural landscape. Arboreal plants, true monuments of nature, adapt to impervious soils typical of our region. Borgia still preserves Greek-Roman testimonies of national importance: the archaeological park of Scolacium develops on a slight hill that fades towards the sea, at 200 meters as the crow flies, with white beaches and blue-green depths. It comprises a vast area that stretches along 35 hectares, in the shade of a luxuriant centuries-old olive grove. The area of the archaeological park of Scolacium was part of the possessions of the families of the Mazza barons and, before that, of the Massara family of Borgia, who had here a company for the production of oil. The park also houses an interesting museum of industrial archeology: the Frantoio.

"The first electric mill in Calabria"